Italian provinces and municipalities - Useful information and tour guide
- 21 Italian municipalities
- Population: 402.822 inhabitants
- Surface: 2.108,90 sq km
- Density: 191 inhabitants per square km
It faces east and south on the Ionian Sea, borders north and north-west with the Province of Catania, to the west with the Province of Ragusa.
The city extends partly on the promontory-island of Ortigia, and partly on the mainland, developing between the wide inlet of the Porto Grande and the small port gulf on the Ionian Sea.
It is home to commercial and industrial activities and is one of the most important archaeological sites boasting first-rate bathing and tourist facilities.
City Corinthia, born in 734 BC; governed by the tyrant Gelon (485-478 BC) which succeeded Hieron (478-467 BC), defeated the Athenians in 415 BC and clashed with the Carthaginians under Dionysius (406-367 BC) and his successors.
Under Hieron II (269-215 BC Syracuse enjoyed a long period of prosperity.
It was then, in 212 BC, conquered by the Romans.
In the 878 it was definitively occupied by the Arabi; in the 1000 it passed under the Normans and in the fourteenth century under the Aragonese.
La province of Syracuse, not vast but densely populated and incredibly rich in historical memories, is located at the extreme south-east of Sicily, stretched - at its southernmost - between the waters of two seas, the Ionio and the Sicily Sea.
The territory boasts great environmental and natural values, safeguarded in the context of five protected areas: Oasis of Vendicari; The Cava Grande del Cassibile; Island of Capo Passero; Pantalica and Anapo Valley; The Reserve of the Ciane river and of the Saline of Syracuse.
The heart of the capital, Syracuse which together with the Necropolis of Pantalica is inserted in the World Heritage List UNESCO, pulsates in the island-fortress of Ortigia, with the cathedral Arethusa source, the Maniace castle, the dense fabric of baroque buildings decorated with cornices, portals, pot-bellied balconies, masks.
On the mainland, the archaeological evidence is clamorous: the Greek theatre, latomie of Paradise, Ear of Dionysius cave of the Cordari, Roman amphitheater, catacombs ...
Innumerable in the Syracuse area the places worthy of note: among others, Avola, Palazzolo Acreide, Known, inserted in the World Heritage List UNESCO within the Baroque site of the Val di Noto, Francofonte, Lentini, Marzamemi e Portopalo di Capopassero.
Provinces where the territory is currently divided