Italian provinces and municipalities - Useful information and tour guide
- 22 Italian municipalities
- Population: 269.710 inhabitants
- Surface: 2.129,98 sq km
- Density: 126 inhabitants per square km
It faces south on the Sicilian Channel and borders on the west with the Province of Agrigento, north with the Provinces of Palermo and Enna and to the east with the Provinces of Catania and Ragusa.
The city develops in the high valley of the Salso, also home to agricultural activities, is known for extraction and marketing of sulfur.
In the eleventh century it was conquered by Roger Normanno and then passed to his son Giordano.
The Aragonese transformed it into a county, at the end of the thirteenth century it passed to the Lancia's dominion and from the 1406 to the Moncada and then followed all the vicissitudes of the Kingdom of the Two Sicilies.
Caltanissetta - whose name derives from the Arabic term "Qal'a" (which means "castle") joined to the name of the ancient city Nissa - is situated in the heart of Sicily, at the slopes of the Mount San Giuliano.
It is a hilly area deeply marked by valleys and cliffs and characterized by the surprising presence of numerous strongholds and castles.
The region was once known for its own sulfur mines: the Trabia, the Tallarita, the Gessolungo, the Trabonella ... the legendary solfataras of which he also narrated Luigi Pirandello, and of which today there are only the remains, to compose paintings of industrial archeology of rare suggestion.
Il nisseno coast corresponds to the sweet and fertile Piana di Gela, with its three precious Nature Reserves: the Biviere Gela Sughereta of Niscemi mouth of the river Ippari.
La city of Gela preserves indisputable evidence of a grandiose past (dating back to the rodiocretese foundation of 689 BC) in the fortifications of Capo Soprano, masterpiece of Greek military architecture.
Provinces where the territory is currently divided