Florence - Tuscany

Monday June 25 2018
Tuscany Tourist Guide
info Tuscany
Italian municipalities


Tuscany - Italy

number Population : 382.258 (01-01-2017 - Istat)
asl : 50 mt.
Sq km area. : 102,40
name of the inhabitants : Florentine

Municipal offices / Town hall:
- Mayor Florence and city administration
- Registry office - Technical Office - Cadastre IMU TASI
- City Council - Data elections
Tax code : 01307110484
Postal Code : 50100
Istat code : 048017
Cadastral code : D612

City Hall Address
Piazza della Signoria, 1

Useful Numbers
+39 055 27681
+39 055 2616722

Email PEC: protocollo@pec.comune.fi.it
Institutional website - http://www.comune.firenze.it

Florence Map
Map / How to get there:
GPS / Geographic coordinates of Firenze
43°46'29.24" N
11°15'21.1" E

Seismic and climatic classification
• Seismic classification updated in March 2015. (Source: Civil protection)
• "Climate zones" and "day grades" by: Table A attached to the DPR 412 / 93 updated at 31 October 2009. (Source: Authorities for electricity gas and water system)

Seismic zone
Climate zone
Degrees day
info Firenze: IMU - TASI - TARI 2018

City of Florence (Tuscany - Italy)

Florence is a town of 382.258 inhabitants, located 50 meters above sea level in the homonymous province, its territory covers an area of ​​102,40 sq km.

Florence in medieval times and in the poetic language also Fiorenza, Florentia in Latin) is the capital of Tuscany.

In the Middle Ages it was an important cultural, commercial, economic and financial center.
In modern times he has been the capital of the Grand Duchy of Tuscany, from 1569 to 1859, with the government of the Medici and Lorena families.
It was the capital of Italy from 1865 to 1871, after the unification of the country (1861).

The UNESCO World Heritage Site and UNESCO World Heritage Site is considered the birthplace of the Renaissance and is universally recognized as one of the cradles of art and architecture, and renowned as One of the most beautiful cities in the world, Thanks to its many monuments and museums.

Historic Center of Florence
UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1982, Florence's historic center, encircled within the avenues of the avenues along the medieval walls, collects the most important cultural assets of the city.
Delimited by the 14th-century wall circle, built thanks to the commercial and economic power it achieved, met in its two centuries following its maximum splendor.
The old town can be enjoyed in its entirety by the hills around, especially from the Forte Belvedere, From Piazzale Michelangelo with the Romanesque Basilica of San Miniato al Monte and from Hill of Fiesole Which offers one of the most breathtaking views of the Arno Valley.

Il Heart of Florence is "Piazza della Signoria", With the majestic Palazzo Vecchio, With the gallery of sculptural masterpieces in the Lanzi Loggia and nearby Uffizi Gallery, One of the most renowned art museums in the world.
Not far away is the religious center of Cathedral of Santa Maria del Fiore, With the majestic dome (the largest ever built).
In the days of the Grand Duchy, it was said that with its shadow it would cover all of Tuscany.
The huge Duomo is beautifully decorated by the Giotto's CampanileOne of the most beautiful in Italy, and from Baptistery of San Giovanni, With the famous bronze doors among which the golden "door of paradise" stands out.

Il River Arno, Which passes in the middle of the city, occupies a place in Florentine history at the same time as the people who live there.
Historically, the local population has a hate-love relationship with Arno, which has alternatively brought the benefits of trade and flood disasters.
Among the bridges crossing it Old Bridge Is unique in the world, with the features of jewelers' shops in the houses built on it.
Crossed by the noble Vasari Corridor, Is the only bridge in the city to be hurt free through the Second World War.

In addition to the Uffizi, Florence has other museums that would be the main artistic attraction of any other big city in the world. Accademy's Gallery, the Bargello or Palazzo Pitti With its eight museums including the Palatine Gallery.
The Florentines boast of having the best example of beauty in both feminine art (the "Botticelli's Venus") And male (the"David of Michelangelo").

The left bank of the Arno (Oltrarno) is an area rich in monuments, where today's breathtaking craftsmanships are still the atmosphere of Florence, once described by Vasco Pratolini.
There are numerous literary insights throughout the city: from the neighborhoods of the tower houses, where the tombstones recall the verses that these very places inspired Dante Alighieri, To the serenity of the Medici villas, where the neoplatonic academy often met Lorenzo the Magnificent, To the theaters Pergola and of Boboli Gardens, Where the first melodramatic melodramas were brought to scenes for lyrical opera.

Florence as "Cradle of the Renaissance"Has his masterpieces in the works of Filippo Brunelleschi (cf. Hospital of the Innocents Church of San Lorenzo And that of Holy Spirit) And Leon Battista Alberti (the facade of Santa Maria Novella e Palazzo Rucellai), But also other artistic periods have left their absolute masterpieces: from Romanesque to San Miniato al Monte, To the Gothic of Santa Croce (Where the burials of the Italic glories are located, as Ugo Foscolo, also buried there), to the extravagances of Giambologna's Mannerism or Bernardo Buontalenti (as Neptune Fountain or Boboli Gardens), To the masterpieces of the great Italian architects of the twentieth century as the "Santa Maria Novella Station" and the "Artemio Franchi Stadium" respectively by Giovanni Michelucci and Pier Luigi Nervi.

The center of Florence with its hundreds of shops is a paradise for shopping and leisure, from stylish high fashion boutiques and historic cafes to lively outdoor markets, as well as hosting numerous nightclubs, discos, American -bar, lounge bar and meeting place for the aperitif.

Historical subdivisions
It is believed that in the medieval times the neighborhoods took their name from the town gates that restricted them: Duomo, Santa Maria, San Piero and San Pancrazio.
With the new walls of the 12th century the city was divided into sestieri called: Oltrarno, San Piero in Scheraggio, Borgo dei SS. Apostles, San Pancrazio, Porta del Duomo and San Piero.
After the 1343 the city was again divided into the historic districts still known and still holds a historic division in the four districts of the "Fiorentino Historic Football" that collide annually in Piazza Santa Croce, in the manifestation of Calcio in costume:

  • Santa Maria Novella
  • Saint John
  • Santa Croce
  • Holy Spirit

The historic districts of the city took the name of the main basilicas and religious architecture of reference: the basilica of Santa Maria Novella, the basilica of Santo Spirito, the Basilica of Santa Croce, and the baptistery of San Giovanni.
They form the old town and for this reason they are part of the 1 Quarter.
In the first half of the 19th century it was temporarily divided into administrative territories:

  • Holy Cross:
    East part between the Ponte Vecchio and Porta San Gallo with the parishes of Sant'Ambrogio, SS. Annunziata, San Giuseppe, San Marco Evangelista, Santa Margherita in Madonna de 'Ricci, Duomo of Santa Maria del Fiore and Santa Reparata, San Michele in Orto and San Michele Visdomini;
  • Santa Maria Novella:
    West side between the Ponte Vecchio and Porta San Gallo with the Fortezza da Basso and up to Porta al Prato, with the parishes of Santa Lucia al Prato, Santa Maria Novella, San Salvatore in Ognissanti, Santissima Trinita and collegiate of San Lorenzo;
  • Holy spirit:
    The whole of Oltrarno, including the bridges with the parishes of San Felice in Piazza, Santa Felicita, collegiate of San Frediano in Cestello and San Piero in Gattolini called Serumido.

Florence has a great tradition of fashion that makes it one of the most active in the country and beyond.
In addition to craft workshops, especially leather goods (many are between Santa Croce Square and Borgo de 'Greci), very important is the high fashion industry.
In fact, the city boasts fashion houses of the likes of Gucci, Enrico Coveri, Roberto Cavalli, Salvatore Ferragamo, Ermanno Scervino, Patrizia Pepe, Emilio Pucci, Roy Rogers, Conte of Florence and many more.
The top fashion boutiques are concentrated in the luxury shopping district, via de Tornabuoni and Via della Vigna Nuova.

The city has the only fashion museum in Italy, the "Costume Gallery", which tracks a detailed story of fashion that has happened over time, with a collection that comes to more than 6000 artifacts, including antique clothes, accessories, Dramatic costumes and films of great documentary importance and numerous prestigious examples of Italian and foreign designers.
There is also the "Salvatore Ferragamo Museum" in the Spini-Feroni palace in "via de 'Tornabuoni" and in this city was held in "via dei Serragli" in 1953 the first fashion show in Italian fashion.

Florence hosts every year a series of fashion events that are among the most prestigious and important in the international landscape: Pitti Immagine.
During the event are organized vernissage, grand gala, presentations, fashion shows, world events and exclusive parties throughout the city and metropolitan area.

Every year in Florence takes place the Fashion trails in Florence, A series of guided tours that allow you to visit the places where the fashion products that have made and still do the city's history are created.

Over sixty appointments for twenty trails, which bring to know twenty-six ateliers (tapestries, hand-made shirts, bridal dresses, custom-made lingerie and kits, art fabrics, custom footwear, jewelry and stones, personalized essences and scents) , Ten art places and four museums in the city linked to the fashionable Florentine. The initiative is promoted by the Department of Production Activities and the fashion system of the City of Florence, as part of the Mestieri della Moda project, which aims to make the tourists around the world aware of the important tradition in the field of fashion .

The city's remarkable resource is tourism, the total number of overnight stays in total hotel and hotel outlets reaches the 10 million per year, placing the city as one of the most visited.
Nearly one third of tourists are represented by Italians, while the rest is made up of foreigners.
Given the enormous artistic richness of the city, (Florence has the world's largest concentration of works of art in proportion to its extension, cultural tourism is very strong.
Suffice it to think that the Uffizi Gallery, the most visited Italian art museum, the largest city museum and among the most famous in the world, stops over one million and five hundred thousand tickets a year, alongside other important museums.
The congress and exhibition tourism industry (the fair in Florence is held in the Fortezza da Basso, in the Congress Palace and in the Affaires de Palazzo Affari, which are among them contiguous) has seen a huge increase in the renovation of the congress center in the early nineties And sees shows, congresses, meetings, social forums, concerts and international events every season of the year.


  • Plane
    Florence is served from Amerigo Vespucci Airport, located in the area Peretola, about 4 km from the center to which it is well connected with taxis, shuttles and buses, with approximately 20 25-minutes with the shuttle service that runs every 30 minutes, or 15 minutes by taxi.
    However, only a part of the European and domestic flights serving Florence encounter greater possibilities if you lean to the airport of Pisa, Galileo Galilei, which is about 70 km from Florence.
    Public buses and trains connect the airport of Pisa with the station Firenze Santa Maria Novella in figures more than reasonable.
    Another alternative is from Guglielmo Marconi Airport in Bologna.
  • Bus
    There are many buses which connect Florence in Italy.
    Most of them start from various terminal facilities around the Santa Maria Novella station.
    Eurolines is the leading international operator: its tickets can be purchased by Lazzi who also runs the connections especially with the south, where train connections are sparse or absent.
    SITA, west of the Santa Maria Novella Station offers services especially for the southern Italy.
  • Train
    The train is definitely one of the most convenient solutions to Florence because it provides several links with all the major Italian cities.
    On some routes are active high-speed trains to Trenitalia and Italo, which allow you to move to the Naples-Rome-Florence-Bologna-Milan in a very short time.
    From the Central Station of Santa Maria Novella, in the historic center, a few meters from the main places of tourist interest, connecting trains regional, national and international.
    Very frequent are also regional trains to Lucca, Pisa and Siena, which also stop in the other stations, Florence Campo Marte and Firenze Rifredi.
    From these two stations you can reach the central Santa Maria Novella with local trains, in a few minutes.

"The Italian text is taken from:
- Wikipedia (Creative Commons)

to visit:
villages and localities of the City of Florence

Cascine del Riccio, Cinque Vie, Galluzzo, La Lastra, Mantignano, Nave a Rovezzano, Ponte a Ema, Serpiolle, Settignano, Trespiano, Ugnano

how to get:
Nearby Ports / Airports

Florence Airport - Peretola

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Common neighboring info
Info Municipalities near Florence
(Distances are to be understood "as the crow flies.")
Fiesole (3,6 km)
Bagno a Ripoli (5,6 km)
Scandicci (6,4 km)
Sesto Fiorentino (7,9 km)
Impruneta (10,2 km)
Gualdo (10,7 km)
Campi Bisenzio (10,9 km)
Calenzano (11,9 km)
Lastra a Signa (12,5 km)
Signa (13,9 km)

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