|Tax code||: 80034840167|
|Postal Code||: 24100|
|Istat code||: 016024|
|Cadastral code||: A794|
|number Population||: 119.551|
|asl||: 249 mt.|
|Sq km area.||: 39,60|
|name of the inhabitants||: Bergamo|
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City of Bergamo (Lombardy - Italy)
Bergamo is a town of 119.551 inhabitants, located 249 meters above sea level in the homonymous province, its territory covers an area of 39,60 sq km.
Bergamo is the capital of the province, the city bordered by seven hills on the northern side and thus divided into two distinct parts, the Lower Town ( "Sità Basa" at Bergamo) and High City ( "Sità Olta" in Bergamo).
Thousand cities - Bergamo and its province contributed to the "Expedition of the Thousand" with a considerable number of citizens, 174, belonging to all social classes except the rural world.
Some of them took on historic stature and national importance not only as partisans but as patriots for their participation in the events of 1848.
They distinguished themselves particularly Gabriele Camozzi and his wife Alba Corals, Francesco Nullo and Francesco Cucchi, Daniele Piccinini, Vittore Tasca and other less well-known, especially in Garibaldi's campaign that earned him the official title of Bergamo "Thousand cities".
Bergamo Alta (also called "High City"Or, in the past, the city, in contrast to villages) is a medieval city, surrounded by ramparts built in the sixteenth century, during the rule of Venice, which was added to the existing fortifications in order to make it an impregnable fortress.
Bergamo is one of 4 Italian cities (along with Ferrara, Lucca and Grosseto), whose old town is completely surrounded by walls which, in turn, have kept intact their original appearance over the centuries.
The best known and frequented part of Bergamo Alta is Old Town Square, With the Contarini Fountain, the Palazzo della Ragione Civic Tower (Called the "Campanone"), which still today at 22 100 body shots - those who in the past announced the nocturnal closing of the gates of the Venetian walls - and other buildings that surround it on all sides.
Impressive, opposite the Palazzo della Ragione, the big white building New Palace hosting the Angelo Mai Library.
On the south side of Old Town Square are the cathedral Colleoni Chapel architect Giovanni Antonio Amadeo with the funeral monuments to the leader Bartolomeo Colleoni and his daughter Medea, the Baptistery and on Basilica of Santa Maria Maggiore.
The latter church, town, not the diocese, inside bears the signs of the various architectural periods that have occurred since its construction.
Noteworthy inlays depicting biblical scenes made of wood of various colors, whose designs are attributed to Lorenzo Lotto, and an imposing Baroque confessional carved by Andrea Fantoni.
The church houses the tomb of the musician Gaetano Donizetti.
Via Colleoni, also known as "Corsarola", colleague Old Town Square a Piazza della Cittadella and the "high city" the heart.
In Piazza della Cittadella are the "Civic Archaeological Museum" and "Museum Enrico Caffi" of natural sciences.
Upper Town, as well as hosting a Botanical Garden site into "Via Colle Aperto", it is also home to a renowned faculty of Foreign Languages and Literatures whose prestige is recognized in Europe.
Upper Town you can walk through the scorlazzini (stairways that connect the points the lower part of town), car (even if it is prohibited on weekends), with funicolare or by bus.
Bergamo low, Morla crossed the river for over 8 kilometers, is born from the development of some villages located along the main roads that led down from the hills to the plan; The main towns are Borgo Canale, Borgo San Leonardo today via Sant'Alessandro, Borgo San Tommaso, Borgo Santa Caterina Borgo Pignolo and Borgo Palazzo.
This unique urban layout used to be called simply "intensity" the old city and "borgh" the current lower Bergamo.
Lower Bergamo is the Town Hall, the Prefecture and the Province.
Its center is the area between New door and the "Sentierone"- paved driveway which in past centuries was the station of the horse-drawn carriages.
The main artery of lower Bergamo is Papa Giovanni XXIII, which goes from the train station to Porta Nuova.
On the "Sentierone"It overlooks the main city theater, the municipal administration properties, named after Gaetano Donizetti.
Worthy of note, in area, is the monument to the Partisan by Giacomo Manzu.
In the northern part of the lower town is located Accademia Carrara (Founded by conte Giacomo Carrara in 1796), home to art exhibitions.
One of the last to have had national resonance was devoted to the paintings by Lorenzo Lotto.
Other museums include the Museum of Bergamo Donizetti, the Gallery of Modern and Contemporary Art, the Diocesan Museum of Sacred Art, the Historical Museum, the Museo Matris Domini, the Archeological Museum of Natural Science, the Botanical Gardens.
In Via Sant'Alessandro is the sixteenth-century Monastery of St. Benedict, still home to an active cloistered community.
In addition to the Angelo Mai there are many libraries, among which the new City Library "A. Tiraboschi" located in Via San Bernardino 74.
The city center is quite small, so you can get around on foot or by bike; the city also has a good bus service that covers the entire city and the nearby valleys.
urban bus network Tickets: you can not buy tickets on board!
You can buy in some bars, newsstands, the ATB offices or vending machines, which are located at the train station, a few bus stops and near the funicular.
Contacts: 035 236026
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»Photo of Bergamo
Photo by: Davide Ripamonti
Redona, Borgo Santa Caterina, Monterosso, Valtesse, Borgo Palazzo, Celadina, Loreto, Longuelo, Malpensata, Boccaleone, Colognola, Campagnola, Grumellina, San Paolo Apostolo, Astino, Fontana, Grumello del Piano, Campagnola, San Vigilio
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